- Server-based Configuration
- Peer-to-peer Configuration
A server-based network consists of a group of user-oriented PCs (called Clients) that request and receive network services from specialized computers called Servers. Servers are generally higher-performance systems, optimized to provide network services to other PCs.
Some common server types include file servers, mail servers, print servers, fax servers, and application servers.Relationship between a server and a client is same as a Teacher and a Student, where teacher provides services (of teaching) and student study. You know, student never teaches the teacher, right!
A peer-to-peer network is a group of user-oriented PCs that basically operate as equals. Each PC is called a peer (workstation). The peers share the resources, such as files and printers, but no specialized servers exist. Each peer is responsible for its own security, and, in a sense, each peer is both a client (because it requests services from the other peers) and server (because it offers services to the other peers). Small networks -- usually under 10 machines -- may work well in this configuration. If security is an issue, then peer-to-peer is never suitable even there are 2 computers only.
نوشته شده توسط : Hiva Eskandari Pour